Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Excess Alkali in the Blood in Dogs

Metabolic Alkalosis in Dogs

Metabolic alkalosis in dogs arises from an imbalance in the blood’s acid and alkali levels, with bicarbonate playing a crucial role in maintaining the pH balance. This balance, regulated chiefly by the lungs and kidneys, can be disrupted by diseases affecting kidney and gastrointestinal tract functions. It’s important to note that metabolic alkalosis typically stems from an underlying condition, making it a secondary phenomenon. Dogs of any breed, size, age, or gender can experience metabolic alkalosis.

Symptoms and Types

Symptoms of metabolic alkalosis in dogs typically correspond to the underlying cause. Common symptoms associated with metabolic alkalosis include:

  • Weakness
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Ileus (complete arrest of intestinal movements)
  • Muscle twitching
  • Dehydration
  • Seizures (rare)


  • Vomiting
  • Oral administration of alkali, such as bicarbonate
  • Use of medications that increase urine output, leading to the loss of more acid
  • Hypoalbuminemia (reduced levels of albumin, a blood protein)
  • Diseases affecting the secretion of bicarbonate through the kidneys, causing the retention of more alkali than usual.


Diagnosing metabolic alkalosis in your dog begins with obtaining a thorough history of your pet’s health, including the onset and progression of symptoms. Your veterinarian will then conduct a physical examination. Subsequently, laboratory tests will be performed to assess the levels of acid and alkali in various body fluids. These tests typically include a complete blood profile, chemical blood profile, complete blood count, and urinalysis. Blood gas analysis is also valuable in confirming the diagnosis of metabolic alkalosis. The results of these laboratory tests usually provide sufficient information for your veterinarian to confirm the diagnosis.


Treating metabolic alkalosis in dogs focuses on addressing the underlying cause responsible for the increase in blood alkali levels. Therefore, the primary emphasis lies in correcting and preventing complications stemming from the underlying condition. In severe or life-threatening cases of metabolic alkalosis, immediate emergency treatment may be necessary. Medications that could exacerbate existing metabolic alkalosis are discontinued. If vomiting is present, it requires treatment as it is a significant factor contributing to metabolic alkalosis. Follow-up laboratory testing may be necessary to ensure complete recovery or to determine if further treatment is needed.

Living and Management

Upon returning home from the hospital, closely monitor your dog for a few days. If you notice your dog vomiting again or observe any other abnormalities, promptly contact your veterinarian.

Scroll to Top